Marriage and Family Review,. Whereas heterosexual women may still be passively oppressed within a "traditional" family structure, lesbian women have distinguished themselves as a separate entity. Although lesbian mothers appear to far more similar to than different from heterosexual mothers with regard to their parenting styles and abilities, they are still awarded sole custody of their children at a rate far less than their heterosexual counterparts. Particularly with regard to sex role behaviors and characteristics, as well as attitudes and perceptions toward parenting, very few differences exist between lesbian and heterosexual mothers. Results revealed no significant differences in self-esteem scores between children of lesbian mothers and those of heterosexual mothers. How Does the Gender of Parents Matter? Journal of Homosexuality, 9 1 ,
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Mediating a Married Couple when a Spouse Comes Out
Thus, children who were not rated highly among their peers tended to have more negative perceptions of their school perceptions than children who were rated as being more popular. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 82 4 , Because the samples tend to be small, they also tend to look fairly homogeneous: Discussion and Conclusion. Psychological Reports, 87, — Children of lesbian mothers.
Among her interests was a determination of what implications, if any, these choices had for the children in thei National Journal of Sexual Orientation Law, Vol. Rather, what appears most important is the quality of mothering, and the quality of the relationships in the household. Note, however, that there are many individuals, including lesbians, who prefer the word 'gay' to describe a person of either gender who prefers relationships with same sex partners, and dislike the term 'lesbian'. There were two test instruments used. Pediatrics, 1 , Archives of Sexual Behavior, 15 2 , — A commonly voiced concern is that children of gay and lesbian parents will themselves grow up to be homosexual, an outcome that is seen as definably negative in a heterosexist culture.